10 April 2024|News, Fraud and economic crime , International and organised crime
Five members of an organised criminal gang, which falsely claimed more than £50 million in Universal Credit in the largest benefit fraud in England and Wales, have been convicted.

Bulgarian nationals, Galina Nikolova, 38, Stoyan Stoyanov, 27, Tsvetka Todorova, 52, Gyunesh Ali, 33, and Patritsia Paneva, 26, have all pleaded guilty to fraud and money laundering related offences at Wood Green Crown Court for their involvement in a multi-million-pound scam on the benefit system.

(Left to right) Galina Nikolova, Ali Gyunesh, Patritsia Paneva, Stoyan Stoyanov and Tsvetka Todorova
(Left to right): Galina Nikolova, Gyunesh Ali, Patritsia Paneva, Stoyan Stoyanov and Tsvetka Todorova
Ben Reid, Specialist Prosecutor for the CPS, said: “This case is the largest benefit fraud prosecution ever brought to the courts in England and Wales.

“For a number of years, these defendants conspired to commit industrial-scale fraud against the Universal Credit system, costing the taxpayer more than £50 million.

“Submitting thousands of false claims, the organised criminals enriched themselves from government funds designed to protect and help the most vulnerable people in our society.

“This was a complex and challenging case which required close and effective working between CPS prosecutors, the Department for Work and Pensions and our international partners in both Bulgaria and through the UK desk at Eurojust, to dismantle and successfully prosecute the organised crime group. The guilty pleas entered by all five defendants, reflects the strength of the evidence against them.

“The CPS Proceeds of Crime Division and DWP will now pursue confiscation proceedings against the defendants, to remove from them any available criminal benefit from this enterprise.”

Mel Stride MP, Secretary of State for the Department for Work and Pensions, said: “I am immensely proud of DWP investigators’ work, in collaboration with the Crown Prosecution Service, to take down this organised crime group.

“Today’s convictions underline our commitment to protecting taxpayers’ money and it is only right and fair that we bring to justice those stealing from the public purse. My message is simple – if you are committing benefit fraud, you are cheating the taxpayer, and we will catch you.”


The CPS successfully prosecuted the five defendants following a detailed and comprehensive investigation by the Department of Work and Pensions (DWP).

Over a four-and-a-half-year period, between October 2016 and May 2021, this organised crime group made thousands of false claims for Universal Credit using either real people or hijacked identities. These claims were supported by an array of forged documents, including fictitious tenancy agreements, counterfeit payslips and forged letters from landlords, employers, and GPs. If the claims were rejected, the fraudsters would try again and again until they were granted.

The investigation identified three ‘benefit factories’ in London where repeated false claims for benefits originated from. The businesses claimed to assist people with obtaining a national insurance number and benefits to which they are entitled.

However, it was found that after applicants made their claims for benefits through these three sources, they then left them in the hands of the organised crime group.

The money gained from these fraudulent claims was then laundered as it was moved between a number of accounts through numerous transfers and withdrawn in cash.

Arrests of the five defendants were first made on 5 May 2021 and a number of properties were searched.

During these searches hundreds of ‘claim packs’ containing forged and false documents were found and seized, as well as bundles of cash stuffed in shopping bags and suitcases, a luxury car and designer goods including watches, jackets, and glasses.

Following his release under investigation, one of the five defendants, Ali, fled the country to Bulgaria. As a result of collaborative work between the CPS, DWP and Bulgarian authorities, Ali was extradited back to the UK on 25 February 2023 so that he could face justice.

When faced with the large amount of incriminating evidence which included encrypted messages, CCTV footage, forged documents, seized digital devices and bank statements, the defendants eventually all pleaded guilty.

The CPS is committed to continuing to work closely with law enforcement, investigatory authorities and international partners including Eurojust, to bring organised criminals and companies engaged in fraud and money laundering to justice.

Ben Reid is a Specialist Prosecutor for the Regional and Wales Division of the (SEOCID)
On 5 April 2024, Galina Dimitrova Nikolova [DOB: 10/05/1985], entered guilty pleas to the following charges at Wood Green Crown Court:
2x Conspiracy to make false representations
1x Possessing criminal property
1x Possession of articles to use in fraud
On 22 February 2024, Stoyan Georgiev Stoyanov [DOB: 08/05/1996] pleaded guilty to:
1x Conspiracy to make false representations
3x Possession of articles for use in fraud
On 22 February 2024, Tsvetka Manolova Todorova [DOB: 20/05/1971] pleaded guilty to:
1x Conspiracy to make false representations
1x Possession of articles for use in fraud
On 28 July 2023, Gyunesh Magbule Ali [DOB: 06/03/1990] pleaded guilty to:
1x Conspiracy to make false representations
1x Possession of articles for use in fraud
1x Possessing criminal property
On 27 March 2023, Patritsia Pancheva Paneva [DOB: 15/05/1997] pleaded guilty to:
1x Entering into a money laundering arrangement
1x Possession of articles for use in fraud
Paneva also pleaded guilty to one count of conspiracy to make false representations on 12 June 2023.
All five defendants will appear for sentencing at Wood Green Crown Court on 28 May 2024.
A benefit factory is a location which has the appearance of a legitimate business but with the intention to conduct benefit fraud.
Eurojust is the European Union Agency for Criminal Justice Cooperation, which aims to help coordinate the work of national authorities in investigating and prosecuting organised crime.
A Joint Investigation Team (JIT) was established between the UK and Bulgaria. A joint investigation team (JIT) in an international cooperation tool that assists competent authorities of two or more States in carrying out cross-border criminal investigations.

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